雖然曾有研究透過讓醫師用血液或唾液是否檢測出 IgE 抗體來判斷狗是否過敏（Ermel, R et al.,1997），但最新的研究卻發現，無論使用無論血清的 IgE 抗原或是唾液裡的 IgM 或 IgA 抗原都無法有效檢測出狗狗的過敏來源（Udraite Vovk Let al., 2019 & Lam ATH et al., 2019），甚至會造成偽陽性誤判。因此，目前學界公認唯一能識別食物過敏原的方法就是「食物排除法」（Food Elimination Method）。
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