雖然曾有研究透過讓醫師用血液或唾液是否檢測出 IgE 抗體來判斷狗是否過敏（Ermel, R et al.,1997），但最新的研究卻發現，無論使用無論血清的 IgE 抗原或是唾液裡的 IgM 或 IgA 抗原都無法有效檢測出狗狗的過敏來源（Udraite Vovk Let al., 2019 & Lam ATH et al., 2019），甚至會造成偽陽性誤判。因此，目前學界公認唯一能識別食物過敏原的方法就是「食物排除法」（Food Elimination Method）。
Lam ATH, Johnson LN, Heinze CR. Assessment of the clinical accuracy of serum and saliva assays for identification of adverse food reaction in dogs without clinical signs of disease. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2019 Oct 1;255(7):812-816. doi: 10.2460/javma.255.7.812. PMID: 31517577.
「As I glanced round I was surprised at the universality of the man’s interests. Here was a case of ancient coins. There was a cabinet of flint instruments. Behind his central table was a large cupboard of fossil bones. Above was a line of plaster skulls with such names as “Neanderthal,” “Heidelberg,” “Cro-Magnon” printed beneath them. It was clear that he was a student of many subjects. 」
「I remember the date very well, for it was in the same month that Holmes refused a knighthood for services which may perhaps some day be described…… I repeat, however, that this enables me to fix the date, which was the latter end of June, 1902, shortly after the conclusion of the South African War. 」
這兒提到 1902 年結束的南非戰爭是「第二次波耳戰爭」。真實歷史中，那時柯南道爾已經靠著福爾摩斯成為知名作家；他以醫師的本行親自參戰，擔任軍醫而受封爵士，也是柯南道爾爵士（Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle）名號中「爵士（Sir）」的由來。
對照如此明確的日期，令人愈想愈不對勁。與尼安德塔人並列的「Heidelberg」顯然指的是 Homo heidelbergensis ，但是第一件海德堡人化石要等到 1907 年才在德國出土，更早的 1902 年絕不可能存在石膏複製品，被福爾摩斯與華生見到。